Causes of sunburn
Sunburn is caused when our skin is exposed to harmful UV rays of the sun for some time. During summer season even a 15 minute of direct exposure of sun is harmful and can cause serious tan and burns on the skin. While the infrared rays of the sunlight cause a burning sensation, UV rays are more dangerous and could cause serious skin problems if there is continuous exposure of sunlight.
The melanin present in our skin is the accountant for our skin color and also protects the deep layers of skin us from harmful UV rays. During exposure to sunlight, the melanin production increases causing a darker tone of the skin in the affected area. Signs of sunburn becomes visible within a few hours up to 72 hours of exposure.
Continued exposure to sunlight can be very harmful and could cause serious damage to skin also leading to skin cancer.Therefore, it is required to take all the necessary actions to protect your skin from the harmful rays of the sun.
Go for the right Sunscreen
All you need to do is buy and apply a sunscreen cream/lotion every time you head outside. If this is the thing you thought is going to protect you from the sun’s harmful rays and heat then you are wrong.
Buy a sunscreen according to your need- You don’t need much sunscreen if you are going out in the sun for a short duration. Consider the times at which you will be out in the sun and go for an SPF protection sunscreen according to it.
If you are only going out in the sun during the morning and evenings when you don’t need high SPF sunscreen. A normal sunscreen with SPF 20 would be enough. Moreover, the morning sunlight is healthy for our skin and therefore you can move around in the sun carefree.
For people having to travel or work quite a lot in open space can go for sunscreens with SPF 30+. Sun’s rays are most harmful in between 10 O’clock and 4 O’clock. People who sweat more often shall apply sunscreen every 2 hours to protect their skin from sunburns. Moreover, apply the sunscreen at least half an hour before going out in the sun giving enough time for the cream to be absorbed in the skin.
Foods that prevent you from UV rays
Reduce the damage caused by the Sun’s harmful rays on your skin by adopting these skin healthy foods in your diet. These skin-friendly nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables help the damaged skin cells to recover faster deaccelerating wrinkled cell growth.
Green leafy vegetables- Green vegetables are a major source of nutrients and antioxidants such as lutein and zeaxanthin which prevent skin against wrinkling, sun damage, and even skin cancer. You can include foods such as spinach leaves, broccoli, lettuce, kale and even carrots in your diet. The darker the leaf, the better, as there are more free-radical fighting antioxidants in those with darker tints.
Citrus fruits- Citrus fruits have high vitamin C content which is essentially required by our skin and body to keep it healthy and fresh. These fruits boost collagen production in the skin which reduces signs of aging. Fruits such as Oranges, Kiwis, strawberries, berries, etc. are a great source of vitamins for our skin.
Fish oil and omega 3s– Food rich in omega 3 fatty acid, such as salmon, tuna, etc can reduce sunburn damage to some extent. Nuts and seeds such as walnuts, chia seeds, flax seeds also contain omega 3 which have anti-inflammatory property.
Aside from the above mentioned, you can also go for foods rich in beta carotene ( which is converted by our body to vitamin A). Include foods such as Sweet potato, mango, tomatoes, red pepper, watermelon, olive oil, etc. in salads, smoothies or in your daily meal.
Cover as much as you can
Clothing can work as a better sun protectant than any sunscreen but it is hard to wear tight and full clothes during summer season because of heat and sweat. Although it is hard to find nice protective clothing in summers, try to cover as much as you can while going out in the sun.
Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses with UV protection when going out. You can also try out wearing hats and scarfs to protect your face.
Symptoms of sunburn
- Pain and itching in the skin.
- Burning sensation in skin
- Swelling of skin
- Dry skin
When to contact a doctor?
In some cases, sunburn could be severe and you may need to contact a doctor if the following symptoms occur:
- High fever
- Severe pain
- Fluid-filled blisters
- Dizziness and fatigue
Connect with ZevA
It is required to consult a doctor as soon as you face any of the symptoms mentioned above. Untreated sunburns can cause skin abnormalities and serious skin diseases. For taking doctor’s consultation at the ease of your home, you can connect with ZevA app.
ZevA provides a better alternative than going out in the sun for consultation. Our services vary from doctor consultation to Physiotherapy, nursing care, Dietician, diagnostic tests and medical equipment rental.