Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that is caused by the spreading of dengue virus through mosquito bites. It is spread by several species of female mosquitoes known as Aedes Mosquitoes.
Due to severe pain in bones and joints dengue fever is also known as breakbone fever. Dengue is hard to detect in the early stage as it is often confused with common flu because of similar symptoms.
With Rapid spread of this life-threatening disease and increased number of dengue patients in certain regions of the country, it is advised to take preventive measures as soon as possible. Since there isn’t any vaccination or medication for dengue the best prevention is avoiding being bitten.
In order to protect yourself from dengue fever :
- Protect yourself from mosquito bites.
- Prevent mosquitoes from breeding inside your home and near your surroundings
- Avoid traveling to dengue-prone areas.
- Clothing: Wear long-sleeved clothes and trousers
The most basic way to prevent dengue is by blocking mosquito bites. Reduce the amount of exposed skin by wearing full covered clothing while traveling or going out to avoid mosquito bites.
- Insect repellants:
Try having insect repellant in your neighborhood or around your house. Areas which are densely populated should be kept clean and have the periodic spreading of insecticides.
At home, you can use insect repellant near doors, windows, under beds, storage or any other openings.
Use body repellants on exposed areas of your skin. Use EPA registered DEET mosquito repellant in the form of sprays and lotion.
Do not use mosquito repellants on infants of less than 2 years. Alternatively, go for packed clothing and natural repellants.
Spray the repellant on your hands before applying onto children’s face. Do not directly spray on the face.
Opt for Herbal and skin friendly repellants.
Do not apply over cuts or irritated skin.
Wash your hands after applying repellant.
Do not apply near eyes and mouth.
- Cover water sources or keep changing the water:
Empty out all the stagnant water sources such as pots, tanks, water coolers, pipes. Change the water daily at places where required. Dengue virus breed in clear stagnant water, therefore, regular cleaning of open water sources is required.
Empty buckets and water cans after each use and keep it upside down to avoid water accumulation.
Clear fallen leaves from drains to avoid water accumulation.
- Use net windows or mosquito net :
Try keeping doors and windows of your homes closed as much as possible especially during peak hours such as dusk and dawn when there is a high risk of mosquito bites.
Use Net barriers on doors and windows to keep mosquitoes out.
Cover baby cribs and beds with the net while sleeping.
People having allergies with repellants should sleep inside a the mosquito net to avoid both chemicals and mosquito bites.
- Add kerosene oil to stagnant waters like water coolers
Adding kerosene would create a layer on top of water making it difficult for the dengue virus to breed due to suffocation.
- Avoid perfumes, scents or heavily scented soaps as these may attract mosquitoes.
What are the symptoms of Dengue?
Due to symptoms similar to Typhoid fever and malaria, there is often delay in detecting dengue fever. Dengue can be often clearly diagnosed by a blood test (CBC test).
However, there are certain symptoms of dengue that should be read early to prevent any serious condition. Typical symptoms of Dengue include:
- High Fever
- Severe Headache
- Muscle and joint ache
- Pain behind the eyes
- Nausea or vomiting
These symptoms of mild Dengue fever generally appear after a week the person gets infected to dengue virus. Proper diagnosis and medication at this stage could avoid any further complications.
Fatal symptoms of Dengue include:
- Bleeding gums or nose
- Intense stomach pain
- Persistent vomiting
- Black vomiting/stools
- Clammy skin
- Low pulse rate
- Red spots or patches under the skin
- Difficulty in breathing
Emergency care is required in cases where extreme symptoms are seen.
In case you have seen any symptoms as such, this serious disease can be avoided by taking a blood test. Book a CBC test at home without waiting in queues at hospitals and labs. With ZevA, our professional lab person will collect your blood sample from your home. Also, get reports delivered online within few hours making healthcare convenient for you.
Medication and vaccination for Dengue
No such vaccination and medication are available for the treatment of dengue. Patients are given pain relievers and fever relief tablets to ease the condition. Therefore, it’s better to prevent the disease as much as possible.