Common winter season diseases and their prevention

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With the winters around the corner, various health problems arise. Some health problems such as asthma, sore throat and cold sores are worsened by the cold weather. It is important to keep oneself healthy and fit during the cold seasons.

Here is how to deal with cold-weather ailments:

  1. Cold – A lot of people fall prey to cold during the winter season. With climate change from hot to cold, people often catch the cold leading to fever. One can help prevent a cold by washing their hands regularly. This helps in destroying the germs and bugs that may have picked up from touching surfaces used by other people. It is also important to keep the house clean. However, if you do catch a cold it is necessary to use disposable tissues instead of fabric handkerchiefs to avoid constantly infecting one’s own hands.
  2. Sore throat – Sore throat is a common health problem during the winters. Changes in temperature or the spread of viral infections can affect the throat. The best and quick remedy for sour throats is to gargle with warm salty water. It won’t heal the infection, but it has anti-inflammatory properties and can be soothing for the throat pain.
  3. Asthma – Cold air is a major trigger of asthma symptoms such a wheezing and shortness of breath. People who already suffer from asthma should be very careful during this season. It is important to stay indoors as much as possible during the windy days. If you do go out, it is necessary to wear a scarf loosely over your nose and mouth. One should be very vigilant to take their regular medications and keep reliever inhalers close by.
  4. Painful joints – People suffering from arthritis say that their joints become more painful and stiff during winters. Although, no evidence changes in the weather cause joint damage. Studies have also found that people feel more depressed during the winter months, and this can make them perceive pain more acutely. Daily exercise can boost a person’s mental and physical state. Swimming is ideal as it is easy on the joints.
  5. Norovirus – Norovirus is an extremely infectious stomach bug that strikes all year round but is more common in winters. It is also known as the winter vomiting bug. People suffering from diarrhea it is important to drink plenty of fluid to prevent dehydration. By drinking oral rehydration fluids one can reduce the risk of dehydration.
  6. Heart attacks – Heart attacks are more common during the cold season as the cold weather increases blood pressure and puts more strain on the heart. The heart also has to work harder to maintain body heat when it’s cold. It is important to stay warm in your house. It is also crucial to drink warm water and other fluids. Wrap up warm when you go out and wear a hat, scarf or gloves.
  7. Flu – People who are above 65 and over, pregnant women and people with long-term health conditions, including diabetes, kidney disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are particularly vulnerable in developing the flu. The best way to prevent flu is to have the flu jab. The flu vaccine gives good protection against the flu and lasts for one year.

These are some of the health issues that people suffer from in the winter, so everyone should keep themselves warm.